What is EVM? How does it work in India?
The results of the 2022 Assembly Elections in the five provinces of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Goa and Manipur will be declared today. Voting in India was conducted using EVMs since 1999 to simplify the voting process and endpaper voting.
What is EVM?
An Electronic Voting Machine, also known as EVM, is an electronic device used for casting votes. EVM aims to make the electoral process secure, fair and transparent.
Can EVMs be disrupted?
EVM is an uninterrupted machine. It is created of a flexible one-time programmable chip, which cannot be connected to any external device or network such as internet, wifi, USB or Bluetooth. Therefore, it cannot be corrupted or altered in any way possible.
What is the process for allocating EVMS to polling stations?
EVMs is assigned to polling stations through a detailed random process. In this way, there is no prior knowledge of which unit will go to the polling station almost until voting day. The machines have undergone mock polls in all categories to ensure they are in good working order.
How does EVMS work?
EVM is made up of two units: a control unit and a balloting unit. These units are connected together by a cable. Although the EVM control unit is reserved for the chairperson or voting officer, the balloting unit is kept inside the polling station so that voters can vote. This is done to ensure that the voting authority verifies your identity.
How can you use EVM?
In order for the voter to cast their vote, the polling officer instead of issuing a ballot paper presses a ballot button. The machine balloting
unit will have a list of candidate names and symbols of the party with the blue button next to it. A voter can press a button next to the name of the candidate they wish to vote for.
When a voter presses a button of his or her choice, the machine automatically locks it and the printed VVPAT slip is displayed 7 seconds before it is automatically cut and delivered to a closed voting booth. Votes are stored on VVPAT or Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail.
EVM can only be unlocked with a new voting number. In this way, EVMs ensure that one person receives one vote only once.
History of EVMs in India?
• The electronic voting machine came in India as a substitute for ballot papers and was first used in the No. 70 Parvur assembly constituency in Kerala in 1982.
• On a large scale, the devices have been in use in India since 1999. The machines have been credited with completing the voting process simpler, as now the vote can be recorded with just a click on the button.
• The machines are also cost-effective in the long run. Although the initial cost of an EVM is between Rs 5,000 and Rs 6,000, the machine, on average, lasts for 15 years.
• Also, the machines run on batteries and hence don’t require electricity. They are also lighter and easily portable corresponding to the huge ballot boxes.
• The machines also make the vote-counting method faster, delivering results within hours as against manual counting of votes which could take days.